Sunday, 28 July 2013

Do Horses Enjoy Work?

People often tell me that their horse loves to work, loves to jump, loves to show…From what I know about horses, I’m not so sure. Equitation scientists looked into the matter…

Imagine a conversation between you and your horse, if horses could talk.

You: Good morning Spunky. Ready for a ride?
Spunky: Not really.
You: Oh come on. Don’t you want to go out and work some dressage patterns? How about some trail riding, or maybe some jumping?
Spunky: Nope. Pretty happy right here with my buddies, but thanks for offering!

No, we’re not about to tell you that researchers have found a way to make horses talk. But if they could, this is the kind of thing horses might say. European equitation scientists recently concluded that, when given the choice, horses prefer not to work at all; in fact, it appears they'd rather be back in their resting place with their food and equine pals.

“For a social, prey animal, it’s not surprising that horses will generally choose feeding and social contact over locomotion,” said Uta König von Borstel, PhD, researcher at the University of Göttingen in Germany where they created a study in which horses were given the choice of more or less work….

“Results from the study suggest that horses prefer exiting the riding arena rather than being ridden at all,” she said.

Previous research has also suggested that horses will avoid any extra physical exercise and jumping when given the choice, she added. In fact, one study showed that they would rather be in the stall than in the paddock for turnout…

Incidental behavioral observations during the study also revealed that the horses in the study perceived riding—and especially mounting—as uncomfortable, she added.

Even so, good riding (which takes into consideration the horse’s physical health) should not be considered a threat to equine welfare, König von Borstel said. Even if asking a horse to do something it doesn’t want to might seem contrary to its welfare, being a riding horse is good for its welfare in the long term, she said.

“The very vast majority of humans won’t keep horses only to keep them as a pet on pasture,” she said. “So the decision, then, is between having: (1) horses whose welfare might be slightly compromised for an hour or so per day by us riding them, or (2) having, in the long run, very few or no horses altogether, as we will have no ‘use’ for them and they are too expensive (for most people) to be kept as pets.”

The study, "Horses' behavior and heart rate in a preference test for shorter and longer riding bouts," was published in the Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research

Sunday, 14 July 2013

Five Top Reasons for the Horse and Rider Communication Gaps

I make my living observing horses and riders. And I’ve done my own personal survey over 25 years of training and teaching. I’ve had my share of roadblocks with horses, coached riders step by step through others and, as a show judge, winced from a distance at horse and human meltdowns.

So here’s the most common things that get us stuck, according to the science and from my experience:

1. The horse doesn’t understand the cue and the rider assumes he does.

2. Noisy signals and conflicting aids from the rider

3. Vagueness. The horse person can’t clearly articulate their specific cue for a specific response.

4. Emotions block comprehension or clear signaling in horse or human (fear, anger)

5. The rider doesn’t understand (or care) about the horse’s viewpont - how horses think and learn.

What do you think? Can you add to the list?